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Emotive last won the day on February 19 2019

Emotive had the most liked content!

About Emotive

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    Progressive - R85

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  1. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    Hence the warning they previously received. The problem being the grassroots are now looking at being ploughed under.
  2. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    Sentiment is a fine thing I Know. Didn't work for Wairarapa, Taranaki, or Wellington. The whole industry was told to restructure or else, they didn't heed the warning, now, or else is here. The TAB is in trouble (understatement), the fat cats kept their very generous salaries, and wholesale cuts loom. If GOM is right about the Auckland behaviour, then buckle up for a bitch fight. When it comes it won't be a good look.
  3. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    They have the power to shut down any track and in the case of any dispute override ie Auckland vs Waikato. You forget they have a preference for centralisation and will push for the tri-code set up in the Waikato. Frankly, I agree with them as that is where the trainer numbers are, south of the Bombays.
  4. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    This will be a ministerial/high-level decision. A reaction to the TAB being in crisis.
  5. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    No. Lp's will have no say.
  6. Emotive

    Auckland GRC

    Ask yourselves these questions based on what is known: 1. Safety. 2. Trainer numbers. 3. Lease longevity. 4. Maintenance and upkeep. 5. Financial viability. 6. Travel. CD & South Island Racing. The decision to close a track won't be made by the GRNZ. My best guess is Auckland's days are numbered.
  7. Emotive

    Cole - Court case

    Good evening GOM. The charges relate to live baiting only, giving a dead rabbit as food is not illegal. Dead baiting which is a breach of GR rules only would need to be dealt with by the RIU after the legal case concludes. There where widespread changes to the animal welfare Act which also impacted the way you can prepare a dog for an activity such as hunting. I believe live baiting is now banned across the board. How an animal can be killed when hunting or fishing is specified in the Act. Live baiting falls under the "animal cruelty" label and is referred to legally as wilful mistreatment, and rightly so. You spoke above of photographic evidence and witness statements but forgot the forensic evidence. The SPCA stated on TV that they were waiting on the forensic results before charging. The forensic evidence must be strong and would be pertinent to the actual charges. The delay in getting to court once the official investigation concluded is all down to the defense team and the defendant, not the prosecution. The changes to the animal welfare Act were widely publicised and circulated. It's a shame no one bothered to read them.
  8. Emotive


    Read it for yourself. Posted by Earl on another site. If you believe that bacteria in a dog's gut is capable of synthesising dermorphin, then the greyhound industry is done for. The heading clearly says Dermorphin production by bacteria. Nothing to do with nobbling. Dermorphin Production by Bacteria Distinct pathways for modification of the bacterial cell wall by non-canonical D-amino acids Non canonical amino acids are amino acids that are not one of the 20 amino acids normally found in structural proteins in animals. L,D-transpeptidases incorporate non-canonical D-amino acids into tetrapeptides of V. cholerae PG. The difference between efficiencies for the forward (D-Ala → D-Met) and reverse (D-Met → D-Ala) reactions suggests that accumulation of D-Met muropeptides would be favoured in vivo, even if both D-Met and D-Ala were simultaneously present at similar concentrations. Therefore, in stationary phase, when D-Met is present, LdtA is likely to promote accumulation of muro4M peptides, rather than a continual exchange of the C-terminal amino acid within tetrapeptides. Muro4 peptides are tetrapeptides used in the formation of bacterial cell walls. In natural environments, bacterial communities typically contain multiple species (Straight and Kolter, 2009), which could produce a variety of D-amino acids (Lam et al, 2009) The D-amino acid in Dermorphin is D-Arginine which according to the above article could possibly be produced by naturally occurring bacterial communities, eg, in the intestine. Different processes control formation of D-Met muropeptides in bacteria To begin to explore whether the pathways for incorporation of NCDAAs are conserved, we assessed whether D-Met was targeted to equivalent muropeptides within diverse species, and whether mutations and antibiotics have uniform effects upon D-Met incorporation. Unexpectedly, these assays revealed that only V. cholerae and C. crescentus incorporate NCDAAs into both tetrapeptides and pentapeptides, although C. crescentus, unlike V. cholerae, contains predominantly muro5M (Figure 4D; Supplementary Figure S1). PG from all other organisms tested contained just one of the two classes of peptides. Following growth in media supplemented with D-Met, muro4M peptides were detected in PG from E. coli and P. aeruginosa, while muro5M peptides were detected in PG from B. subtilis, E. faecalis and S. aureus (Figure 4D; E.coli is a naturally occuring bacteria in mammalian intestines. NCDAAs, such as D-Met, are incorporated at two distinct sites within V. cholerae PG subunits. The majority of D-Met (80%) is present as the C-terminal amino acid within monomeric or dimeric tetramers (muro4M), while the remainder comprises the C-terminal amino acid within pentapeptides (muro5M). Formation of muro4M peptides is dependent upon Ldts, inner membrane-anchored periplasmic proteins that catalyse L,D crosslinking of muropeptides and linkage of lipoprotein Lpp to PG (Magnet et al, 2007b, In vitro characterization of a purified Ldt from V. cholerae (LdtA) revealed that it can exchange the C-terminal amino acid of a variety of tetrapeptide substrates. However, LdtA is more efficient at catalysing exchange in dimeric than in monomeric substrates, and it more readily catalyses replacement of D-Ala by D-Met than the reverse reaction. The latter finding indicates that LdtA should promote muro4M accumulation in stationary phase, when NCDAAs are produced. LdtA can accept many D-amino acids as substrates, a flexibility that may enable reaction to the range of D-amino acids produced during stationary phase by diverse organisms in the natural environment. Tetrapeptide formation incorporating D-amino acids can occur naturally with a variety of tetrapeptides able to be formed. Peptidoglycan is a polysaccharide made of two glucose derivatives, N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM), alternated in long chains. The chains are cross-linked to one another by a tetrapeptide that extends off the NAM sugar unit, allowing a lattice-like structure to form. The four amino acids that compose the tetrapeptide are: L-alanine, D-glutamine, L-lysine or meso-diaminopimelic acid (DPA), and D-alanine. Typically only the L-isomeric form of amino acids are utilized by cells but the use of the mirror image D-amino acids provides protection from proteases that might compromise the integrity of the cell wall by attacking the peptidoglycan. The tetrapeptides can be directly cross-linked to one another, with the D-alanine on one tetrapeptide binding to the L-lysine/ DPA on another tetrapeptide. Tetrapeptides are naturally produced in large quantities for bacterial cell wall production with D-amino acids typically incorporated . Octapeptides synthesized from D amino acids were absorbed from the intestine and excreted in urine of normal rats drinking 5% glucose/1% creatinine containing the 125I-labeled peptides at 0.1-25 mg/dl Octapeptides being considerably larger and more complex than tetrapeptides, it is reasonable to assume that tetrapeptides would also be absorbed from the mammalian intestine. The main structural features of the cell wall peptidoglycan of E.coli B have been established by Weidel and co-workers. According to these authors the principal repeating unit in this peptidoglycan is represented by the disaccharide tetrapeptide GNAc-MurNAc-L-Ala-D-Glu-meso-DAP-D-Ala. Tetrapeptides being an integral part of bacterial cell walls would naturally be released into the intestine upon death and breakdown of the bacteria. Absorption of some of these breakdown products is entirely logical. Preprodermaseptin b and preproadenoregulin have considerable sequence identities to the precursors encoding the opioid heptapeptides dermorphin, dermenkephalin, and deltorphins The hyperdivergence of modern antimicrobial peptides and the number of peptides per species result from repeated duplications of an approximately 150-million-year-old ancestral gene and accelerated mutations of the mature peptide domain, probably involving a mutagenic, error-prone, DNA polymerase similar to Escherichia coli Pol V. Although many of the peptides produced by frogs are antibacterial, they are produced by a similar gene in E.coli which has the ability to produce a variety of tetrapeptides. No work appears to have been on whether E.coli or other intestinal bacteria can produce the tetrapeptide sequence for dermorphin but it seems entirely logical that this is possible. Dermorphin is not found in humans or other mammals and similar D-amino acid peptides have only been found in bacteria, amphibians and molluscs.[5] Dermorphin appears to be made in these through an unusual posttranslational modification carried out by an amino acid isomerase.[6] This unusual process is needed because the D-alanine in this peptide is not among the 20 amino acids coded for in the genetic code and thus the peptide cannot be synthesized in the usual way from the encodings in the genome of an organism. An isomerase is a specific enzyme capable of transforming an L-Amino acid into a D-Amino acid. I didn't make this up. You all have a nice day.
  9. Emotive


    I haven't posted on the racing forums for quite some time. To my knowledge, no one has ever accused Andy and Bev of wrongdoing so I have no idea why anyone would go down that path? Joe, you have made a valid point, being a member of an organisation for a long time does not exempt that person or persons from culpability. Off the top of my head, I can name at least 5 cases that were proven involving long-time participants including the Halls, no nobbling involved. I have read everything available to read on this particular case, including a written statement made by Earl that he believes the dermorphin was generated by gut bacteria in the dogs' stomachs. If that were even plausible then the industry is a dead duck. This is the exact quote: "I dont think my dogs have been injected with dermorphin, but they have it in there gut bacteria." Why even raise the issue of cameras, it's a red herring! GOM if you were going to nobble a dog you would use a substance that is readily available and easy to administer would you not. Caffeine for example. You cannot buy dermorphin in New Zealand. You would have to import it, or be a chemist. At a cost of around US$200 for 5mg plus shipping and handling the idea again is implausible. It has to be injected which would require the dog to be removed from the kennel or crate then replaced, this happened on 4 separate occasions. The risk of detection would be prohibitive. For christ sake give it a bloody rest and move on Bev. We are sick to death of hearing about it!
  10. The rules also state: 42. UNAUTHORISED PERSON NOT TO ENTER KENNEL OR HANDLE GREYHOUNDS 42.2 A Person shall not handle a Greyhound competing at any Meeting unless he/she is a Handler. (That should apply to being parked outside the track, should it not).
  11. Watching from in front of the funeral home across the road from the track.
  12. Emotive

    Question Regarding Coprice

    Coprice has rolled out their new working dog product, chicken and beef. My first question is, has anyone stopped using coprice because of the green tea additive? And the second is, if so what have you chosen to use instead?
  13. Emotive

    Brendan Cole

    The time taken from investigation to charges varies between 18 months to three years here. Partly because the SPCA is under-resourced, and partly to ensure a case is robust as funds are limited. They cannot afford to go off half-cocked for no result. If you look at all the prosecutions brought in the past ten years, the longer an investigation takes the more likely charges are preferred. If they did not believe they could successfully bring a case, they would have dropped the investigation within the first 6 months. The link is to a case which began on the 13th of June 2017 and concluded with a successful prosecution in January 2019. To a layman, it would appear to be an open and shut case. A case against a local farmer ended three years after the investigation began. https://www.spca.nz/news-and-events/news-article/spca-prosecution-man-jailed-after-neglecting-his-two-dogs
  14. Emotive

    Brendan Cole

    This was posted on another forum for anyone who wishes to go along in support: First appearance. 10 am on Tuesday 7th of May. Palmerston North District Court. Court 3. Open to the public.